A Contrastive- Acoustic Study of Jacqueline Kennedy and the Actress Natalie Portman’s Voice Qualities in the Film” Jacki”.

Authors

  • Hiba Jebur Hamzah University of Basrah, College of Education for Human Sciences, Department of English Language, Basrah,Iraq
  • Balqis I. G. Rashid University of Basrah, College of Education for Human Sciences, Department of English Language, Basrah,Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36586/jcl.2.2023.0.47.0019

Keywords:

voice quality, acoustic variables: F0, amplitude, intensity duration and pitch range

Abstract

As performers in a social world, we communicate with other people by sharing information on many different levels. Each utterance includes linguistic information and conveys much information about the speaker’s identity. Variation in voice quality indexes information about the speaker and marks the speaker’s identity as a unique individual. The present study aims to validate the belief that each individual has an inalienable voice print that can’t be imitated. The study verifies that, even the more similar personality between two individuals, or the close position in society the variance is voice quality. The acoustic analysis is performed via analysing the acoustic parameters namely: the fundamental frequency, amplitude, intensity, duration and pitch of Jacqueline Kennedy and the actress Natalie Portman who performed Kennedy’s character in the film “ Jacki”. The results show that Kennedy’s voice quality is breathy; whereas, Portman’s voice quality is falsetto. The study concludes that it is possible to recognise the identity of any individual from the properties of her/his voice quality due to the fact that  each person has an unparalleled voice print.

  

Author Biographies

Hiba Jebur Hamzah, University of Basrah, College of Education for Human Sciences, Department of English Language, Basrah,Iraq

Balqis I. G. Rashid, University of Basrah, College of Education for Human Sciences, Department of English Language, Basrah,Iraq

References

Abercrombie , David( 1967). Elements of General Phonetics . Edinburg University Press.

Belin,P. , Fecteau, S., and Bedard, C.(2004). “ Thinking the Voice: Neural Correlates of Voice Perception.” Trends Cogn.Sci.8(3),129-135

Biemans, Monique Aderiana Johanna (2000). Gender Variation in Voice Quality . LOP the Netherlands , University of Nijmegen .

Boersma,P. and Weenink,D. (2020). Praat: A System for Doing Phonetics by Computer, Computer Programme available at http://www.praat.org or http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/

C.Gobl. (1989). A Preliminary Study of Acoustic Voice Quality Correlates . J.STL.QPSR,30(4)009-022

Gobl,Christer and NI Chasaide, Ailbhe(2010). Voice Source Variation and its Communication Functions, In Hardcastle, W. , Laver,J. and Gibbon, Fiona E. (2010). The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences (2nd ed.) . Wiley-Blackwell.

Gorden, Mathew&Ladefoged, P.( 2001 ). Phonation Types: Across linguistic Overview. Journal of Phonetics, 29(4):383-406

Holline, Harry , Moore, P., Wendahl, Ronald, W.and Michel, John F.(1966). On the Nature of Vocal Fry. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research,9, 245-247

Laver, John(1968). Voice Quality and Indexical Information . J. British of Disorders of Communication,3(1),43-54.

Laver, John and Trudgill, Peter(1979). Phonetic and Linguistic Markers in Speech , In Scherer, Klaus R. and Giles, Howard . Social Markers in Speech . Cambridge University Press

Laver, John(1981). The Phonetic Description of Voice Quality. Cambridge University Press .

-------------- ( 1994) . Principles of Phonetics . Cambridge University Press .

Lee,Yoonjeong, Keating, Patricia &Kreiman,Jody.(2019). Acoustic Voice Variation within and between Speakers. J. Acoustic Society of America(146), 1568-1579 https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5125134

Marchal,A.(2009). From Speech Physiology to Linguistic Phonetics . ISTE WILEY

Meireles, Alexsandro R.(2016). Perceptual and Acoustic Study of Voice Quality in High-Pitched Heavy Metal Singing. Phonetic Laboratory, Federal University of Espirito Santo, Brazil

Ogden,Richard(2009). An Introduction to English Phonetics. Edinburg University Press

Poyatos, Fernando(1991). Parlinguistics Qualifiers : Our Many Voices . J. Language and Communication, 11(3) , 181-195.

Jacqueline Kennedy’s White House Tour 1962, Retrieved from https://youtu.be/8-ZyLJvXQQo

Natalie Portman’s interview , Retrieved from https://youtu.be/fVnj9ai9lVQ https://youtu.be/fVnj9ai9lVQ

Downloads

Published

2023-01-02

How to Cite

Hamzah, H. J., & Rashid, B. I. G. (2023). A Contrastive- Acoustic Study of Jacqueline Kennedy and the Actress Natalie Portman’s Voice Qualities in the Film” Jacki” . Journal of the College of Languages (JCL), (47), 19–37. https://doi.org/10.36586/jcl.2.2023.0.47.0019

Issue

Section

Department of English language